Lessons in the "SouthAmerica" Category

Biggest ever dinosaur discovered in Argentina

Recently, the biggest ever dinosaur was discovered in Argentina. The fossilised bones of the dinosaur, believed to be the largest creature ever to have walked the earth, were unearthed in Argentina.

Palaeontologists said, estimated on its huge thigh bone, it was 40m (130ft) long and 20m (65ft) tall. Weighing in at 77 tonnes, it was as heavy as 14 African elephants. That makes it seven tonnes heavier than the previous record holder, Argentinosaurus, which itself is bigger than a Tyrannosaurus rex!

Category: History / Dinosaurs / Discovery

Chile’s Trapped Miners

Deep underground in a gold and copper mine in San Jose, Chile, 33 miners await rescue. Buried alive these men have now lived at 700m (2,296ft) underground, cut off from the outside world, for longer than any other miner in history. Hopes of getting them all out alive rest on a drilling operation that is currently underway.

Initially, the miners were advised they might not be rescued till Christmas. However, the latest indicators are that they could be out by the first week in November. Chile’s Mining Minister Laurence Golbourne has so far refused to be drawn on a rescue date.

Category: South America / Chile / Mining Rescue

Lost city found in Amazon

In 2002, a Finnish archaeologist Alceu Ranzi was flying over the Amazon when suddenly he came across geometric shapes dug into the earth. The shapes made up a series of trenches topped by banks and connected by a network of straight roads. Ranzi then contacted a historian and archaeologist Martti Parssinen who said, “He realised they weren’t natural structures and must have been made by indigenous people.”

The search for the lost city of El Dorado

For centuries many different explorers have searched for the lost city of El Dorado in the Amazonian jungle. El Dorado in Spanish means ‘the Golden One’. Some explorers claim to have had success in discovering lost civilisations in the Amazon jungle. Each time though it beguiled them, leading many to their deaths.

Between 1519-1540 Spanish explorers first hit upon the idea of a golden city somewhere in the Amazon jungle. In 1519, Hernan Cortes and his soldiers discovered the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, in Mexico. In the 1530s, Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire, in what is now Peru.